Mirrored striping or cloned couples?
You can use RAID levels 0 and 1 in different sequence. We will show you the safest method.
Mirroring of individual pairs
In RAID10 mode, the controller initially mirrors two hard disks on top of each other, creating a one-to-one copy. This corresponds to the RAID1 mode. This type of backup is usually used for RAID systems that consist of only two drives, such as boot partitions.
Thus, the drives cloned in this way already provide some protection, since this data is present in two places. The doubled hard disks are in turn combined into a virtual drive at RAID level 0 for performance reasons. This ensures speed on the host computer, as the data is available faster. However, RAID 0 by itself bears the risk that the entire data stock is lost if only one of the two drives in the RAID set fails. With RAID 10, this is compensated for by RAID 1 mirroring.
Suppose we configure a RAID 0+1 from eight disks. Then we have four disks in each RAID 0 and these two RAID 0 are mirrored as RAID 1.
Now, if a disk fails in the first RAID 0, this RAID 0 is corrupt because there is no redundancy in a RAID 0. The data is only intact in the second RAID 0. If another disk fails in the second RAID 0, both RAID 0s will be corrupted and the data will no longer be available.
How is it then with a RAID 10 of eight disks? Here we have four mirror pairs (RAID 1) of two disks each, which we combine to form RAID 0.
If a disk fails, only one of the mirror pairs no longer has redundancy. All other mirror pairs are still intact. So for a data loss exactly the one disk of the mirror pair would have to fail, which has no redundancy anymore.
Probability of data loss
Examples with four drive pairs:
4 / (2 x 4 – 1) = 0,571
1 / (2 x 4 – 1) = 0,143
|The probability that all data will be lost if a second disk fails is more than 50%, actually 4/7 = 57.14%. Why? It does not matter which of the 4 disks in the second RAID 0 fails. And since there are only seven disks left after the failure of the first disk, even a failure of four out of seven disks will result in data loss.||The probability of this is 1/7 = 14.29%, because data loss only occurs when a particular disk of the remaining seven disks fails. The probability of data loss due to the failure of a second disk is therefore four times smaller with eight disks as RAID 10 than with RAID 0+1.|
RAID 10 offers a significantly lower risk of data loss. The probability of data loss in the event of another drive failure – before an already defective disk can be identified and replaced – is significantly higher with RAID 0+1. The security of RAID 10 actually increases the more drives are included in the system.
Our technical manager has a comprehensive knowledge of all storage and server topics.